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Iterambere ryubushakashatsi bwa tekinoroji yo guhagarika ibiryo

Ikoranabuhanga rya sterilisation

Kera kubijyanye no gufungura ibiryo byafunzwe, tekinoroji yubushuhe bwa tekinoroji ifite uburyo bwinshi bwo gukoresha.Ikoreshwa rya tekinoroji yo guhagarika ubushyuhe irashobora kwica neza mikorobe, ariko ubu buryo bwa tekiniki burashobora gusenya byoroshye ibiryo bimwe na bimwe byafunzwe byumva ubushyuhe, bityo bikagira ingaruka ku ntungamubiri, ibara nuburyohe bwibiryo byafunzwe.Ubushakashatsi buriho ku ikoranabuhanga rya sterilisation yubushyuhe mu gihugu cyanjye ahanini ni ugutezimbere uburyo bwo kuboneza urubyaro hamwe nibikoresho, kandi uburyo bwiza bwimiterere yubushuhe ni uguhuza neza ubushyuhe mugihe cyo kuboneza urubyaro, kugirango ikoreshwa ryikoranabuhanga rya sterilisation ridashobora. gusa ugere ku ngaruka zo kuboneza urubyaro, ariko kandi ugerageze kwirinda ingaruka.Ibiryo byafunzwe hamwe nibiryohe.Byongeye kandi, mugutezimbere ibikoresho bya sterisizione yumuriro, ibikoresho byo guhagarika amavuta hamwe na tekinoroji ya microwave ikoreshwa cyane.

1. Umwuka-kubamotekinoroji yo kuboneza urubyaro 

Ikoreshwa rya tekinoloji irimo umwuka mubi hifashishijwe cyane cyane uburyo bwo kuzamura ubushyuhe bwo hejuru bwo hejuru hamwe na tekinoroji ya vacuum, byahinduye ibitagenda neza byikoranabuhanga gakondo.Ikoranabuhanga ririmo umwuka mubi rikoreshwa mubuto bwimbuto, imboga zafashwe.Iyo ukoresheje tekinoroji ya sterilisation irimo umwuka, ibikoresho fatizo byibiribwa byafunzwe bigomba kubanza kubanzirizwa, hanyuma bigashyirwa mu bidukikije by’umubyimba mwinshi wa ogisijeni wavunitse wapakira mu gikapu, kandi icyarimwe, gaze idakora igomba kuba wongeyeho muri kanseri.Ikibindi noneho gifunzwe hanyuma ibiryo bigashyirwa mubyiciro byinshi byo hejuru hamwe no gukonjesha gukonjesha kugirango bikomeze ibiryo.Mubihe bisanzwe, uburyo bwo kuvura ibyiciro byinshi byokurya birashobora kubamo ibyiciro bitatu byo gushyushya, gutunganya no kwanduza.Ubushyuhe bwa sterisisation hamwe nigihe cya buri murongo ugomba guhindurwa neza ukurikije ubwoko nimiterere yibyo kurya.Uburyohe bwibiryo bwangizwa nubushyuhe bwinshi.

2. Tekinoroji ya Microwave

Iyo ibiryo byafunzwe bitunganijwe na tekinoroji ya microwave, ni ukureba niba mikorobe ziri mu biryo zipfa cyangwa zigatakaza burundu ibikorwa byazo, kandi igihe cyo guhunika ibiryo kikaba kirekire, kugirango zuzuze ibisabwa ibiryo byafunzwe.Iyo ukoresheje microwave sterilisation ya tekinoroji mugutunganya ibiryo, ibiryo byabitswe, nkumubiri nyamukuru ushyushya, birashobora gushyukwa muburyo bwimbere mubiribwa byafunzwe hamwe nisi yo hanze, bitabaye ngombwa ko hakoreshwa ingufu zubushyuhe binyuze mumashanyarazi cyangwa convection.Birihuta kandi gukoresha kuruta tekinoroji gakondo.Irashobora kongera vuba ubushyuhe bwibiryo byafunzwe, kugirango sterisizasiyo imbere no hanze yibyo kurya byafashwe neza kandi byuzuye.Mugihe kimwe, gukoresha ingufu ni bike.Ikoreshwa rya tekinoroji ya microwave muri rusange igabanijwemo uburyo bubiri: ingaruka zumuriro ningaruka zidafite ingufu za biohimiki, ni ukuvuga gukoresha microwave mugutunganya ibiryo byafashwe kugirango ushushe ibiryo biva imbere kugeza hanze icyarimwe.

Bitewe n'ingaruka z'imiterere ya selile ya mikorobe n'umurima wa microwave, molekile ziri mu biryo byafunzwe ziba zifite ubushyuhe bwinshi, bigatuma habaho ihindagurika ryinshi hagati ya molekile, bityo bigahindura imiterere ya poroteyine, hanyuma amaherezo igakora ingirabuzimafatizo za bagiteri mu biryo byafunzwe, bigatuma bidashoboka gukura bisanzwe, bityo bikazamura ingaruka zo kubungabunga ibiryo byafunzwe.Ingaruka zidafite ubushyuhe buterwa ahanini na physiologique cyangwa biohimiki reaction ya selile nta mpinduka zikomeye zubushyuhe, bizwi kandi nkibinyabuzima.Kuberako kuzamura ingaruka zitari iz'ubushuhe bidashobora kubarwa, kugirango tunoze umutekano wibiribwa byafunzwe, ingaruka zumuriro nazo zigomba gutekerezwa byuzuye mugushushanya.

3. Ohm tekinoroji yo kuboneza urubyaro

Gukoresha tekinoroji ya ohm sterilisation mubiribwa byafunzwe cyane cyane itahura ubushyuhe binyuze mukurwanya.Mubikorwa bifatika, ohm sterilisation ikoresha cyane cyane amashanyarazi kugirango itange ubushyuhe bwibiryo byafunzwe, kugirango ugere ku ntego yo guhagarika ubushyuhe.Ubuhanga bwa ohm sterilisation bukoreshwa cyane mubiribwa byafunzwe hamwe na granule.

Irashobora kugabanya byimazeyo uburyo bwo gutunganya ibiryo byafunzwe, kandi ikagira n'ingaruka zikomeye.Nyamara, ohm sterilisation yubuhanga nayo igarukira kubintu bitandukanye, nko mugihe uhuye na granules nini y'ibiribwa, ntishobora kugera kubisubizo byiza.Muri icyo gihe, ubwinshi bwibiryo byafunzwe nabyo bigira ingaruka kumyororokere yikoranabuhanga.Kubwibyo, mugihe uhinduranya ibiryo bimwe na bimwe bidafite ioni nk'amazi asukuye, ibinure, inzoga, nibindi, tekinoroji ya ohm sterilisation ntishobora gukoreshwa, ariko tekinoroji ya ohm sterilisation ifite ingaruka nziza yo guhagarika imboga n'imbuto zafunzwe, kandi nayo iri muribi umurima.Byakoreshejwe Byinshi.

Ubuhanga bukonje

Mu myaka yashize, ibyo abantu bakeneye ku bwiza bw’ibiribwa byakomeje kunozwa.Abantu ntibitaye gusa ku mutekano wa mikorobe y'ibiribwa, ahubwo banita cyane ku mirire y'ibiryo.Kubwibyo, tekinoroji ikonje ikonje yabayeho.Ikintu nyamukuru kiranga tekinoroji yo gukonjesha ni uko mugihe cyo guhagarika ibiryo, nta mpamvu yo gukoresha impinduka zubushyuhe bwo kuboneza urubyaro.Ubu buryo ntibushobora kugumana intungamubiri zibyo kurya ubwabwo, ariko kandi birinda kwangiza uburyohe bwibiryo.Ingaruka ya bagiteri.

Mu myaka yashize, ikoranabuhanga ry’ubukonje mu gihugu cyanjye ryakoreshejwe cyane.Hatewe inkunga n’ikoranabuhanga rigezweho, hashyizweho uburyo butandukanye bwa tekinoroji yo gukumira ubukonje, nk'ikoranabuhanga rikabije ry’umuvuduko ukabije w’ikoranabuhanga, tekinoroji yo guhagarika imirasire, ikoranabuhanga rya sterisisation na tekinoroji ya ultraviolet.Gukoresha ikoranabuhanga byagize uruhare runini mubiribwa bitandukanye.Muri byo, ikoreshwa cyane ni tekinoroji ya ultra-high pressure sterilisation, yerekanaga ibyiza byo gukoresha muguhagarika ibiryo byafunzwe umutobe, ariko ubundi buryo bukonje bwo mu kirere bukonje buracyari mu ntangiriro yubushakashatsi kandi ntibwabaye kuzamurwa cyane no gukoreshwa.

Ultra-high pressure sterilisation tekinoroji ni mubyiciro byo kuboneza urubyaro.Ihame shingiro ryubu buhanga bukonje ni ukubyara umuvuduko mwinshi mubiribwa byafunzwe kugirango wice mikorobe, wirinde kwangirika kwa poroteyine, ndetse no kudakora imisemburo y’ibinyabuzima kugirango ugere kuri sterisile nziza.Ingaruka.Gukoresha tekinoroji ya ultra-high sterilisation tekinoroji ntishobora kugera gusa kubushuhe bwubushyuhe bwicyumba, kwemeza intungamubiri nuburyohe bwibiryo byafunzwe, ariko kandi binadindiza neza ubuzima bwibiryo byamafunguro, bigatuma ibiryo byafashwe neza.Iyo gutunganya ibiryo byafunzwe, tekinoroji ya ultra-high pressure sterilisation ikoreshwa cyane muri jam, umutobe wa kanseri nibindi biribwa, kandi wagize uruhare runini muguhagarika.

Inzitizitekinoroji yo kuboneza urubyaro

Ubukonje bukonje bukoreshwa cyane kuruta tekinoroji yo guhagarika ubushyuhe kurwego runaka.Irashobora guhagarika neza mikorobe mu biryo byafunzwe.Ikemura kandi ikibazo cyuko tekinoroji gakondo yo guhagarika ubushyuhe yangiza intungamubiri nuburyohe bwibiryo byafunzwe, kandi bikarushaho guhaza abantu ibyo bakeneye cyane.Saba.Nubwo, nubwo tekinoroji ikonje ishobora gukumira mikorobe yangirika mu biribwa byafunzwe, ntishobora kugera ku musaruro mwiza mu kuvura spore ya bagiteri cyangwa imisemburo idasanzwe, bityo rero gukoresha ikoranabuhanga rya sterilisation ikonje ni bike.Kubwibyo, abantu bakoze ubuhanga bushya bwo kuboneza urubyaro - tekinoroji yo gukumira.Iri koranabuhanga ryahinduye uburyo bwa tekinoroji yo gukonjesha kandi irashobora kugira ingaruka nziza yo kuboneza urubyaro.Ikoranabuhanga rya Hurdle sterilisation ryatangiriye bwa mbere mu Budage, abantu bakoresha tekinoroji yo gukumira inzitizi mu kubungabunga inyama.Muri gahunda yo kubungabunga ibiryo byafunzwe, kubera ko videwo ikubiyemo ibintu byinshi bitambamira, izo nzitizi zirashobora gukumira neza kwangirika kw’ibiribwa byafunzwe, kandi mikorobe mvaruganda iri mu biryo byafunzwe ntishobora kurenga inzitizi, biganisha ku ngaruka.Kubwibyo, ingaruka nziza yo kuboneza urubyaro iragerwaho, kandi ubwiza bwibiryo byafashwe neza.

Kugeza ubu, tekinoroji yo gukumira inzitizi yakozweho ubushakashatsi kandi ikoreshwa mu gihugu cyanjye.Guhindura ibiryo byafunzwe binyuze mu ikoranabuhanga ryangiza inzitizi birashobora kwirinda ibintu byo kwangiza ibiryo cyangwa kubora.Ku mboga zimwe zafunzwe nk'ibishyimbo n'ibishyimbo bidashobora guhindurwa n'ubushyuhe bwo hejuru, ibyiza by'ikoranabuhanga rya sterisizione birashobora gukoreshwa neza, kandi inzitizi irashobora gukoreshwa neza.Ikintu cya bagiteri ntigira gusa ingaruka ziterwa na bagiteri, ariko kandi kirinda ibiryo byafunzwe kuba acide cyangwa kubora.Byongeye kandi, inzitizi yo gukumira inzitizi irashobora kandi kugira uruhare runini mu guhagarika amafi yabitswe.Ubushyuhe bwa pH na sterisizasiyo burashobora gukoreshwa nkimpamvu zibangamira, kandi tekinoroji yo gukumira inzitizi irashobora gukoreshwa mugutunganya ibiryo byafunzwe, bityo bikazamura ubwiza bwibiryo byafunzwe.

 


Igihe cyo kohereza: Kanama-03-2022