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Ibiryo byafunzwe Ibicuruzwa byubucuruzi bugenzurwa

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Ubucuruzi bwubucuruzi bwibiribwa byafunzwe bivuga leta isa nkaho idafite sterile aho nta mikorobe itera indwara na mikorobe zidatera indwara zishobora kubyara mu biryo byafunzwe nyuma y’ibiribwa byafashwe nyuma yo kuvura ubushyuhe buciriritse, ni ikintu cyingenzi gisabwa kugira ngo ibiryo byafashwe bigerweho igihe kirekire cyo kuramba hashingiwe ku kurinda umutekano w’ibiribwa n’ubuziranenge.Ubucuruzi bwubucuruzi bwibiribwa byafunzwe mugupima mikorobe yibiribwa birangwa nubusembwa bugereranije, nta mikorobe itera indwara, kandi nta mikorobe ishobora kugwira mumabati mubushyuhe bwicyumba.

Kugirango ugere ku bipimo byemewe by’ubucuruzi, uburyo bwo gutunganya ibiryo byafunzwe mubisanzwe bikubiyemo inzira nko gutondagura ibikoresho fatizo, kubika, gufunga, guhagarika neza, no gupakira.Abahinguzi bafite tekinoroji yubuhanga buhanitse hamwe nibisabwa byo kugenzura ubuziranenge bafite ibintu byinshi kandi bitunganijwe neza.

Ubucuruzi bugenzurwa na sterile yubukorikori mu igenzura rya mikorobe y’ibiribwa bwarangiye neza, kandi isesengura ry’imikorere yihariye rifasha gukoresha neza iryo koranabuhanga mu bikorwa bifatika kugira ngo ibiribwa by’ibiribwa bibungabungwe.Igikorwa cyihariye cyo kugenzura ibicuruzwa byubatswe mu kugenzura mikorobe y’ibiribwa ni ibi bikurikira (bimwe mu bigo bikaze by’abandi bantu bashobora kugira ibintu byinshi byo kugenzura):

1. Umuco wa bagiteri

Umuco wa bagiteri wanduye ni kimwe mubikorwa byingenzi mugusuzuma ibicuruzwa byubucuruzi.Mugukora umwuga muburyo bukubiye mubyitegererezo, no gusuzuma no kugenzura imiterere ya bagiteri zifite umuco, ibice bya mikorobe mubiribwa byabitswe.

Ibinyabuzima bisanzwe bitera indwara mu bikoresho birimo ariko ntibigarukira gusa kuri bagiteri ziterwa na termofilique, nka Bacillus stearothermophilus, Bacillus coagulans, Clostridium saccharolyticus, Clostridium niger, nibindi.;bacteri za mesophilic anaerobic, nka toxine ya botulineum Clostridium, Clostridium yangiritse, Clostridium butyricum, Clostridium pasteurianum, nibindi.;Mesofilique ya bacteri zo mu kirere, nka Bacillus subtilis, Bacillus cereus, n'ibindi.;Bagiteri idatanga spore nka Escherichia coli, Streptococcus, umusemburo Nububiko, ifu irwanya ubushyuhe nibindi.Mbere yo gukora umuco wa bagiteri wabitswe, menya neza gupima pH ya kanseri kugirango uhitemo uburyo bukwiye.

2. Gutoranya ibikoresho by'ibizamini

Uburyo bwo gutoranya busanzwe bukoreshwa mugupima ibikoresho byubushakashatsi bwibiryo byafunzwe.Iyo ugerageza ibice byinshi byibiribwa byafunzwe, icyitegererezo gikorwa mubisanzwe ukurikije ibintu nkuwabikoze, ikirangantego, ubwoko, isoko yibyo kurya cyangwa igihe cyo gukora.Ku bikoresho bidasanzwe nk'ibikono byangiritse, amabati yangiritse, amenyo, hamwe no kubyimba mu kuzenguruka kw'abacuruzi n'ububiko, icyitegererezo cyihariye gikorerwa muri rusange uko ibintu bimeze.Nibisabwa byibanze kugirango hatorwe ibikoresho byubushakashatsi kugirango uhitemo uburyo bukwiye bwo gutoranya ukurikije uko ibintu bimeze, kugirango ubone ibikoresho byubushakashatsi byerekana ubwiza bwibiryo byafunzwe.

3. Icyitegererezo

Mbere yo kugumana icyitegererezo, ibikorwa nko gupima, kugumana ubushyuhe, no gufungura amabati.Gupima uburemere bwa net ya kanseri ukwayo, bitewe n'ubwoko bwa kanseri, igomba kuba yuzuye kuri 1g cyangwa 2g.Ufatanije na pH n'ubushyuhe, amabati abikwa ku bushyuhe buhoraho iminsi 10;amabati afite ibinure cyangwa yamenetse mugihe cyibikorwa agomba gutorwa ako kanya kugirango agenzurwe.Nyuma yo kubika ubushyuhe birangiye, shyira urumuri hejuru yubushyuhe bwo gufungura aseptic.Nyuma yo gufungura isafuriya, koresha ibikoresho bikwiye kugirango ufate 10-20 mg yibirimo mbere yuburyo butagaragara, ubyohereze mubintu bidafite sterile, hanyuma ubibike muri firigo.

4.Umuco wo kurya ibiryo bike

Guhinga ibiryo birimo aside irike bisaba uburyo bwihariye: guhinga umuyonga wijimye wa brompotassium kuri 36 ° C, guhinga umuyonga wijimye wa brompotassium kuri 55 ° C, no guhinga inyama zokeje kuri 36 ° C.Ibisubizo birasizwe kandi birasize irangi, kandi hasuzumwe neza neza nyuma yo kwisuzumisha kuri microscopique, kugirango hamenyekane neza niba igeragezwa ryerekana amoko ya bagiteri mu biribwa bifite aside irike.Mugihe utera imbere, wibande ku kureba umusaruro wa acide n’umusaruro wa gaze ya mikorobe ya mikorobe hagati, hamwe n’imiterere n’ibara rya koloni, kugirango wemeze amoko yihariye ya mikorobe mu biryo.

5. Ikizamini cya Microscopique

Ikizamini cya Microscopique ni uburyo bukoreshwa cyane muburyo bwo gusuzuma ibizamini bya sterile yubucuruzi, bisaba abagenzuzi bafite ubunararibonye kurangiza.Mu bidukikije bidafite imbaraga, ukoresheje ibikorwa bya aseptike, usige amavuta ya bagiteri ya mikorobe ikubiye mu ngero zafashwe zahinguwe ku bushyuhe buri gihe hagati, kandi urebe uko bagiteri zigaragara munsi ya microscope ifite ingufu nyinshi, kugira ngo menya ubwoko bwa mikorobe mumazi ya bagiteri.Kugenzura, no gutegura intambwe ikurikira yumuco unonosoye no kumenyekana kugirango urusheho kwemeza ubwoko bwa bagiteri zikubiye muri kanseri.Iyi ntambwe isaba ubuhanga buhanitse cyane bwabagenzuzi, kandi bwabaye kandi umurongo ushobora kugerageza neza ubumenyi nubuhanga bwabashakashatsi.

6. Ikizamini cyo guhinga ibiryo bya acide hamwe na pH munsi ya 4.6

Ku biribwa bya acide bifite agaciro ka pH munsi ya 4,6, ibizamini bya bagiteri byangiza ibiryo muri rusange ntibikiri ngombwa.Mubikorwa byihariye byo guhinga, usibye gukoresha ibikoresho bya acide acide nkibikoresho, birakenewe kandi gukoresha umuyonga ukuramo malt nkuburyo bwo guhinga.Mugusiga no kwisuzumisha kuri microscopique ya koloni yumuco, ubwoko bwa bagiteri ziri mumabati ya aside irashobora kugenwa, kugirango turusheho gukora isuzuma rifatika kandi ryukuri ryumutekano wibiribwa bya kanseri.


Igihe cyo kohereza: Kanama-10-2022